Blog Archives

Alcohol

alcohol


Effects of alcohol

Alcohol affects us in a wide variety of ways, which we’ll try and give you an insight into here. If you want any more detail, be sure to visit our fact sheet page, where we examine individual health issues in more detail.

When you drink alcohol, several things happen. After one or two drinks you may feel more at ease and more talkative – this happens as the alcohol gets into the brain and affects your cognition or thinking.

Physically, your heart rate can speed up and you may feel a warm glow. This is caused by alcohol in the blood making small blood vessels in the skin expand, allowing more blood to flow closer to the surface and lowering blood pressure at the same time.

The short term effects of alcohol

While drinking within the Government’s suggested guidelines h...

Read More

Physical Activity for Health

What sort of physical activity should adults do, and for how long?
Adults should aim to do a mixture of aerobic activities and muscle-strengthening activities.
Aerobic activities
Aerobic activities are those that make the heart and lungs work harder. Basically, anything that makes your heart rate increase, and makes you at least mildly out of breath. For example: brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, dancing, badminton, tennis, etc. You can even use normal activities as part of your physical activity routine. For example, fairly heavy housework, DIY, or gardening can make you mildly out of breath and mildly sweaty. Consider a brisk walk to work or to the shops instead of using a car or bus, etc.To gain health benefits you should do at least 30 minutes of moderate aerobic physical acti...
Read More

Diet

Eat plenty of starchy foods (complex carbohydrates)
Starchy foods such as bread, cereals, potatoes, rice, and pasta, together with fruit and vegetables, should provide the bulk of most meals. Some people wrongly think that starchy foods are ‘fattening’. In fact, they contain about half the calories than the same weight of fat. (However, it is easy to add fat to some starchy foods. For example, by adding butter to jacket potatoes or bread, or by adding oil to potatoes to make chips, etc.)
Also, starchy foods often contain a lot of fibre (roughage). When you eat starchy foods, you get a feeling of fullness (satiety) which helps to control appetite. Tips to increase starchy foods include:
· For most meals, include generous portions of rice, pasta, baked potatoes, or bread.
· For more fibre, ...
Read More

Smoking

Why is smoking so bad?

Smoking is the greatest cause of early death in the UK. If you smoke, it is not just that you are likely to die earlier. Smoking-related diseases such as lung cancer, heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can cause distressing symptoms, often for several years before death.

In addition, other diseases such as asthma, other lung diseases, Raynaud’s phenomenon, and osteoporosis are often made worse by smoking. Male smokers have an increased chance of becoming impotent in middle age (due to the damaging effect of smoking on the blood vessels). Also, on average, children who live with smokers have more illnesses than children who live in a smoke-free home.

Some tips which may help you to stop smoking
  • Set a date for stopping, and stop complete...
Read More