Blog Archives

High Blood Pressure

What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries (blood vessels). Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). Your blood pressure is recorded as two figures. For example, 150/95 mmHg. This is said as ‘150 over 95’.
· The top (first) number is the systolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
· The bottom (second) number is the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between each heartbeat.
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is a blood pressure that is 140/90 mmHg or above each time it is taken. That is, the blood pressure is ‘sustained’ at 140/90 mmHg or above. High blood pressure can be:
· just a high systolic pressure, for example, 170/70 mmHg.
· jus...
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


What is COPD?
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is a general term which includes the conditions chronic bronchitisand emphysema.
· Chronic means persistent.
· Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (the airways of the lungs).
· Emphysema is damage to the smaller airways and airsacs (alveoli) of the lungs.
· Pulmonary means ‘affecting the lungs’.
Chronic bronchitis or emphysema can cause obstruction (narrowing) of the airways. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema commonly occur together. The term COPD is used to describe airways which are narrowed due to chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both.
How common is COPD?
COPD is common. About one million people in the UK have COPD. It mainly affects people over the age of 40. It accounts for more time off work than any other illness...
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Depression

Depression is common. Symptoms can affect day-to-day life and can become very distressing. Treatments include talking treatments and antidepressant medicines. Treatment takes time to work but has a good chance of success. Some people have recurring episodes of depression and require long-term treatment to keep symptoms away.

What is depression?
The word depressed is a common everyday word. People might say “I’m depressed” when in fact they mean “I’m fed up because I’ve had a row, or failed an exam, or lost my job” etc. These ups and downs of life are common and normal. Most people recover quite quickly.
With true depression, you have a low mood and other symptoms each day for at least two weeks. Symptoms can also become severe enough to interfere with day-to-day activities.
Who gets depr...
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Asthma

What is asthma and who does it affect?
Asthma is a condition that affects the smaller airways (bronchioles) of the lungs. From time to time the airways constrict (narrow) in people who have asthma. This causes the typical symptoms. The extent of the narrowing, and how long each episode lasts, can vary greatly.

Asthma can start at any age, but it most commonly starts in childhood. At least 1 in 10 children, and 1 in 20 adults, have asthma. Asthma runs in some families, but many people with asthma have no other family members affected.

What are the symptoms of untreated asthma?
The common symptoms are cough and wheeze. You may also become breathless, and develop a feeling of chest tightness...
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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis
This is a chronic relapsing disorder of unknown cause resulting in progressive damage to the cell structures within the brain.
It is commoner in the temperate climates rare in black Africans or Asians.
The initial presentation is as pain on eye movements and progressive loss of vision. The symptoms include, fatigue, weakness, spasticity of muscles, altered sensation, numbness to pins and needles, pain and bowel disorders. The visual effects can be brought on by exercise. Unsteady walk or tremor may appear in later life. The prognosis is poor in the male sex and older age onset.
There is no definitive cure. High doses of steroids and ß-Interferon are the main course of treatment.

 

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Mental Health

Mental Health
Helping you to help yourself to maintain a healthy well-balanced body and mind is the core of the service we aim to provide at Bayswater Medical Centre.
There are times in everyone’s lives when you or someone close to you feels unable to cope well mentally with situations which are not usually a problem.
Difficult Times

Some times people are more vulnerable to mental ill health than others – these include:

  • Major Life Events – moving house, new job, marriage even if these are ‘good’ things.
  • Loss – such as death of close family or friend, job, relationship breakdown or children moving away from home.
  • Chronic Illness of any kind
More often than not you are able to ride through the rough patches by working it out or talking it through with close friends or fam...
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Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) consists of Coronary Heart Disease (angina and heart attacks), peripheral vascular disease, stroke, hypertension and heart failure.
CVD is the major cause of premature death in most European and Northern American populations.
Control of certain risk factors helps to reduce mortality and disability as a result of CVD.
At the Bayswater Medical Centre, we aim to assess and monitor patients every 6 months to ensure optimum regulation of CVD. If you have not seen your GP for more than 6 months, make an appointment.
Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment
At the Bayswater Medical Centre, we assess every patient once a year for certain risk factors which tell us whether you are at risk of a coronary event.
The risk factors are:
  1. High B...
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Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, chapatis, yams and plantain, from sugar and other sweet foods, and from the liver which makes glucose.
Insulin is vital for life. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the glucose to enter the cells where it is used as fuel by the body.
There are two main types of diabetes. These are:

Type 1 diabetes (also known as insulin dependent diabetes): Type 1 diabetes develops if the body is unable to produce any insulin.
Type 2 diabetes (also known as non insulin dependent diabetes): Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or...

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